Geometry is one of the classical disciplines of math. In Greek, it is roughly translated as “Earth Measurement” and is concerned with the properties of figures and space. It is firstly progressed to be a practical guide for volumes, measuring lengths and areas, and is in use till date. Geometry is important because the world is made up of different shapes and spaces. Geometry finds huge applications in the real world out of which some are described below.
Geometry in Art and Architecture
Geometry helps us in deciding what materials to use, what design to make and also plays a vital role in the construction process itself. Different houses and buildings are built in different geometric shapes to give a new look as well as to provide proper ventilation inside the house. Geometrical tools like the protractor, ruler, measuring tape, and much more are used in construction work, astronomy, for measurements, drawing etc. Different art forms are made by joining different geometric shapes together. Engineers, architects and builders use geometry to calculate area and volume before they start making plans for different structures.
Geometry in Space Study and Astronomy
In astronomy, geometric shapes help to understand the location of different planets, solar system, and different stars. Our planets are spherical in shape. The orbits are oval in shape. Many geometrical principles and equipment are used in astronomy. Many important calculations and findings made in astronomy are possible with the help of geometry. Geometry is developed to be a practical guide for measuring the velocity, area, volume and length of heavenly bodies. Astronomy is the study of these objects and geometry assists in figuring out their scope and placement in the firmament
Geometry in Domestic Activities
Surprisingly, mathematics plays an important role in the culinary arts. There are helpful tools, such as measuring cups, measuring spoons and scales, to aid in food preparation. However, some background in measurement, fractions and geometry is necessary when cooking and baking. Chefs need to be able to measure and weigh ingredients, time recipes and adjust and measure cooking temperatures. Points, lines, angles, curves, two- and three-dimensional shapes, volumes and proportions form the basics of home design as well as geometry. Video games use geometry to help viewers experience depth and movement. Other recreational activities, such as building kites, constructing skateboard ramps or creating Lego require geometry. Geometry allows you to determine how shapes and figures fit together to maximize efficiency and visual appeal. Quilting requires geometry to ensure that your linens have symmetry and visual appeal.
Some professions use geometry to do their job properly. For instance, computer imaging, something that is used these days for designing, creating video games, animations and things like that, are made using geometric concepts. For mapping also geometry is being used. Mapping is a necessary element in professions like navigation, astronomy and surveying. From sketching to calculating distances, they use geometry to do their job. In addition to this, professions like medicine benefit from geometric imaging. Technologies such as MRIs and CT scans are used both for surgical aids and diagnosis. Methods like these enable doctors to do their job in a better, safer, and simpler way.
Hence it is observed that geometry affects us even in the most basic details of our lives. Irrespective of the form, it helps us understand specific phenomena and in uplifting the quality of life.
The writer Arpita Das is content writer with byjus, an online e-learninng platform.